Homelessness and Housing
Activists face off with Braverman over affordable housing
“Not one dollar” has been put into the Affordable Housing Trust Fund 15 months after voters approved it
Above: Housing Commissioner Michael Braverman is confronted by Terrel Askew and other activists at a budget hearing. (Fern Shen)
A capital budget review – a generally sleepy sort of hearing – turned contentious on Friday as activists rose from the audience to press Baltimore Housing Commissioner Michael Braverman on what they said was an unkept promise:
Why was there no mention of the Affordable Housing Trust Fund in the 2019 capital spending plan for the Department of Housing and Community Development that Braverman had just reviewed, via a Power Point presentation, before the Planning Commission?
“My question to Commisisoner Braverman is about the Affordable Housing Trust Fund, which was passed by voters more than a year ago with 180,000 voters in this city, and yet we have seen no funds put into it. That is unacceptable,” said Terrel Askew, of the Baltimore Housing Roundtable.
“Is he prepared to put funding into it today?” Askew demanded, speaking at the end of Braverman’s remarks at a meeting where public comment was not on the agenda.
There was a long pause.
“Are you going to let him answer?” demanded the crowd of about 30 activists in the audience.
“Ladies and gentlemen, please! That’s not the purpose of this hearing,” chairman Sean Davis implored. “There’s plenty of opportunity to ask that during Tax Night.”
With Tax Night many months in the future, the crowd erupted (“Tax Night is a joke!” “The question is long since decided by then!”) until Davis relented and Braverman addressed the question.
“I wish I had the answers you wanted to hear right now,” he began. “But I can tell you, we’re working with the City Council to identify sources of funds to place in the Affordable Housing Trust Fund.”
“I can tell you I’m committed to finding answers. There’s not a tremendous amount of money,” Braverman added. He headed out to the lobby where the tense exchange continued.
“As if the Fund Doesn’t Exist”
The issue is an urgent one for advocates who say lack of affordable housing is at the core of multiple miseries for low-income city residents, among them evictions, loss of homes though tax sales, and increased homelessness.
The Affordable Housing Trust Fund is the result of a broadly written ballot question, which voters approved in November 2016, that amended the city charter to create a fund to develop and maintain housing that low-income residents can afford.
But 15 months later, as the capital budget discussed Friday demonstrated, the Pugh administration has not identified a source for the funds (various fees and taxes have been floated) or specified how to spend the money (new housing, renovation of existing housing, land trusts to keep mortgages and rents low).
“It’s not a footrace to get to a deadline,” Braverman said, suggesting he’d be back to the group in 60 days.
Nor has the administration created the 12-member commission the charter amendment called for to help the housing department administer the fund.
“Names and resumes of potential housing fund commissioners were submitted in August. No movement on the city’s end. No response from the mayor’s office,” said Greg Sawtell of United Workers.
The group was disappointed by Braverman’s presentation, Sawtell said after the meeting. “Without a dollar put into the fund and with no movement on creating the commission, it’s as if the trust fund doesn’t exist.”
It calls for the the city to float $20 million in bonds to create affordable housing and another $20 million to “deconstruct” vacant rowhouses, an approach to demolition that provides jobs and recycles materials.
Last month, Pugh and the Board of Estimates approved $10 million in future bond money for affordable housing – an increase that fell far short of the amount the advocates want.
“It’s not the $20 million that you’re asking for, but the question is, what sources of funds can be raised, and what’s the best way to leverage them,” Braverman said.
Noting that he is the new head of a department that was recently split off from Baltimore’s Housing Authority, Braverman asked for more time. “It’s not a footrace to get to a deadline,” he said, suggesting he’d get back to the group in 60 days.
That answer angered the Roundtable contingent, gathered around the commissioner outside the hearing room.
“Residents gathered 18,000 signatures to get [the trust fund] on the ballot,” Sawtell responded. “It means something to them.”
Another Pugh Flip-Flop?
With so little movement on the trust fund or the 20/20 Plan as the 2019 budget is being set, activists said Mayor Catherine Pugh is breaking a campaign promise, as she did with the $15 minimum wage issue last year.
“I remember Pugh holding up the 20/20 campaign platform during the primaries and declaring it her vision,” activist Destiny Watford said. “We don’t need another broken promise.”
Watford pointed out that Mayor Pugh also backed the 20/20 Plan last May during a rally at the War Memorial Building.
“It seems like the city’s strategy for those black neighborhoods is just demolition” – Activist Peter Sabonis.
“The vision for 20/20 is one that I support,” Pugh had said at the time. Her office has not responded to a request for comment about her support for the 20/20 Plan and affordable housing.
Another way to Redline?
Asked what the city’s affordable housing strategy seems to be, attorney Peter Sabonis, a member of the Housing Roundtable, said he thought it was evident from Braverman’s presentation Friday.
“It’s lots of demolition and it’s increasing property values across the board and strategically in certain neighborhoods,” said Sabonis, director of Legal Strategies at National Economic & Social Rights Initiative.
“But housing for people at 30% AMI (Area Median Income) doesn’t seem to be part of their plan save for 20 units here, 132 units there in these mixed-income developments,” he said. “And yet the biggest problem we have is 30% AMI.”
He said he was pleased to see that increasing affordable housing was one of the department’s goals “up there on the Power Point.”
That’s why he said activists need to press the administration on its failure to act on the Affordable Housing Trust Fund.
“The Trust Fund says 30% AMI, and I think that’s why they get nervous about the Trust Fund,” he said. “To them that means concentrated poverty, and concentrated poverty is just another way of restructuring racism. I think it’s another way of redlining. They’re basically saying the place-based strategy doesn’t work.”
“I thought after Freddie Gray we came to realize that black neighborhoods do matter,” he said. “Place-based strategies need to be tried. We can’t just simply be about moving people to high-income neighborhoods. It seems like the city’s strategy for those black neighborhoods is just demolition.”